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Chapter 23: Charity

28 Nov
Giving to the poor is charity; all else
have the quality of anticipating a return.
221
To receive is a vice, even if it is accepted as a good virtue;
to give, is good, even if the heaven is denied.
222
Charity, without mention of the distress of poverty, is present
only in those from a good family.
223
To be asked to give is bitter too, until seeing
the smiling face of the recipient.
224
The strength of the strongest is to endure hunger;
it trails the ability to eradicate that hunger.
225
To douse the destructive hunger of the destitute, is
the safe to store the riches of the rich.
226
Hunger, the deadly disease, never touches one who is
accustomed to share his food with others.
227
Do they not know to enjoy the joy of giving, those loveless people,
who keep their wealth only to lose it.
228
Eating alone to increase one’s accumulated wealth,
is more distressing than begging.
229
There is nothing more harrowing than death; that too seems sweet,
if one is unable to give a thing to the needy.
230

# 222 – To receive is a vice, even if it leads down a good path; to give, is good, even if the heaven is denied.V2

# 223 – Charity, without mention of the distress of poverty, is the mark of noble birth. V2

For ‘without mention of the distress of poverty’ in Kural 223, Parimelazhagar gives 4 interpretations and Vai.Mu.Gopalakrishnamacharyar celebrates it further :

1. Not telling about the poverty of the recipient to others

2. Before the recipient mentions “I have nothing”

3. The donor, even if he is poor, doesn’t mention “I have nothing”

4. Give so much that the recipient doesnt ever have to say “I have nothing”.

———————————————————————–

ஈகை

வறியார்க்கொன் றீவதே யீகைமற் றெல்லாங்
குறியெதிர்ப்பை நீர துடைத்து.
221
நல்லா றெனினுங் கொளறீது மேலுலக
மில்லெனினு மீதலே நன்று.
222
இலனென்னு மெவ்வ முரையாமை யீதல்
குலனுடையான் கண்ணே யுள.
223
இன்னா திரக்கப் படுத லிரந்தவ
ரின்முகங் காணு மளவு
224
ஆற்றுவா றாற்றல் பசியாற்ற லப்பசியை
மாற்றுவா ராற்றலிற் பின்.
225
அற்றா ரழிபசி தீர்த்த லஃதொருவன்
பெற்றான் பொருள்வைப் புழி.
226
பாத்தூண் மரீஇ யவனைப் பசியென்னுந்
தீப்பிணி தீண்ட லரிது.
227
ஈத்துவக்கு மின்ப மறியார்கொ றாமுடைமை
வைத்திழக்கும் வன்க ணவர்.
228
இரத்தலி னின்னாது மன்ற நிரப்பிய
தாமே தமிய ருணல்.
229
சாதலி னின்னாத தில்லை யினிததூஉ
மீத லியையாக் கடை.
230
 
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Posted by on November 28, 2011 in Aram, Thirukkural

 

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